The 2014 HKIAC Domestic Arbitration Rules are set out in full below.
View in PDF format: English
Table of Contents
Article 1 – Commencement of Arbitration
Article 2 – Appointing Authority
Article 3 – Appointment of Arbitrator
Article 4 – Communication between Parties and the Arbitrator
Article 5 – Conduct of the Proceedings
Article 6 – Submission of Parties’ Written Statements and Documents
Article 7 – Representation
Article 8 – Hearings
Article 9 – Witnesses
Article 10 – Experts and Assessors Appointed by the Arbitrator
Article 11 – Jurisdiction of the Arbitrator
Article 12 – Interim Measures
Article 13 – General and Additional Powers of the Arbitrator
Article 14 – Place of Arbitration
Article 15 – Language
Article 16 – Deposits and Security
Article 17 – The Award
Article 18 – Interpretation of Awards, Correction of Awards and Additional Awards
Article 19 – Costs
Article 20 – Disclosure of Information
Article 21 – Waiver of Right to Object
Article 22 – Destruction of Documents
Article 23 – Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance
APPENDIX 1 – HKIAC List System for the Appointment of Arbitrators
In developing the Domestic Arbitration Rules, HKIAC drew on the expertise of its many advisers. It also consulted a variety of other published rules. HKIAC acknowledges all of the assistance it has received in formulating the Rules and thanks the many people and organisations which have helped to produce them.
These Domestic Arbitration Rules (2014), which amended and replaced the Domestic Arbitration Rules (2012), have been adopted by the Council of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) for use by parties seeking to use a set of formal and convenient procedures for ad hoc arbitration in Hong Kong. The Rules provide that the wishes of the parties regarding procedure will be respected as far as possible, but they also seek to ensure that the Arbitrator will have sufficient powers to direct the proceedings if the parties cannot agree on procedure or will not co-operate.
The adoption of these Rules shall not necessarily mean that any part of Schedule 2 to the Hong Kong Arbitration Ordinance (which includes what were previously known as the "domestic" provisions of the previous Arbitration Ordinance) applies to any arbitration under these Rules. Whether they do will depend on the provisions of the applicable arbitration agreement.
Where the parties wish to have a more structured arbitration, parties are advised to refer to the HKIAC Administered Arbitration Rules (2013).
These Rules should not be used where the parties wish the seat of arbitration to be outside of Hong Kong.
In accordance with the Preamble to these Rules, Paragraph 1, arbitrations commenced after the commencement date of these Rules relating to existing contracts which refer to arbitration under the Domestic Arbitration Rules will be resolved under the HKIAC Domestic Arbitration Rules (2014).
Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre
HKIAC was established in 1985 to assist disputing parties to solve their disputes by arbitration and by conciliation, adjudication and mediation. HKIAC is a non-profit making company limited by guarantee. It was established by a group of leading business and professional people in Hong Kong to be the focus in Asia for dispute resolution. It has been generously funded by the business community and by the Hong Kong Government but it is totally independent of both.
- Parties to a contract who wish to have any future disputes referred to arbitration under the Domestic Arbitration Rules of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) may insert in the contract an arbitration clause in the following form:
"Any dispute, controversy, difference or claim arising out of or relating to this contract, including the existence, validity, interpretation, performance, breach or termination thereof or any dispute regarding non-contractual obligations arising out of or relating to it shall be referred to and finally resolved by arbitration pursuant to the HKIAC Domestic Arbitration Rules in force when the Notice of Arbitration is submitted.
* The law of this arbitration clause shall be ... (Hong Kong law)
The seat of arbitration shall be ...(Hong Kong).
** The number of arbitrators shall be ... (one or three). The arbitration proceedings shall be conducted in ...(insert language).”
* The law of the arbitration clause generally governs the existence, scope, validity, interpretation, performance, breach, termination and enforceability of the arbitration clause. It does not replace the law governing the substantive contract.
- Parties to an existing dispute who wish to refer it to arbitration under the Domestic Arbitration Rules of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) may agree to do so in the following terms:
“We, the undersigned, agree to refer to arbitration administered by the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) under the HKIAC Domestic Arbitration Rules any dispute, controversy, difference or claim (including any dispute regarding non-contractual obligations) arising out of or relating to:
(Brief description of contract under which disputes, controversies, differences or claims have arisen or may arise.)
* The law of this arbitration agreement shall be … (Hong Kong law).
The seat of arbitration shall be ... (Hong Kong).
** The number of arbitrators shall be ... (one or three). The arbitration proceedings shall be conducted in ... (insert language).
Signed: __________ (Claimant)
Signed: __________ (Respondent)
* The law of the arbitration agreement generally governs the existence, scope, validity, interpretation, performance, breach, termination and enforceability of the arbitration agreement. It does not replace the law governing the substantive contract.
Whether parties are drafting an agreement to arbitrate future disputes or an existing dispute, they should consider whether specifically to adopt any or all of the provisions of sections 2 to 7 of Schedule 2 of the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap. 609 of the laws of Hong Kong) in their arbitration clause (see section 991 of the Ordinance)1. If any such adoption is required the arbitration agreement should make express provision for this, although careful consideration must be given as to whether there will be an automatic opt in to Schedule 2 pursuant to section 100 or section 101 of the Ordinance under the subject arbitration agreement.
An express opt-in to all the provisions of Schedule can be achieved with the following clause, to be included in addition to the above arbitration agreement:
"It is agreed that all of the provisions in Schedule 2 to the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap. 609) apply to any arbitration hereunder."
Alternatively an express opt-in to some, but not all, of the provisions of Schedule 2 can be achieved with the following:
"It is agreed that the following provisions of Schedule 2 to the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap. 609) apply to any arbitration hereunder:
(a) section 1;*
(b) section 2;*
(c) section 3;*
(d) sections 4 and 7;*
(e) sections 5, 6 and 7.*"
*Include or exclude as appropriate.
Where there will be an automatic opt in to Schedule 2 pursuant to section 100 or section 101 of the Ordinance under the subject arbitration agreement but the parties do not wish any of the provisions of schedule 2 to apply, the following clause will achieve this:
“It is agreed that none of the provisions in Schedule 2 to the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap. 609) apply to any arbitration hereunder.”
1 The full text of the Arbitration Ordinance can be found at http://www.hkiac.org/url/ao/.
Where any agreement, submission or reference provides for arbitration under the Domestic Arbitration Rules of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (the Rules), the parties shall be taken to have agreed that the arbitration shall be conducted in accordance with the following Rules, or such amended Rules as the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) may have adopted to take effect before the commencement of the arbitration. The Rules are subject to such modifications as the parties may agree in writing at any time.
References in these Rules to "the Ordinance" are to the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap. 609 of the laws of Hong Kong).
The adoption of the HKIAC Domestic Arbitration Rules (2014) in an arbitration agreement shall not, by itself, have the effect of (1) providing that arbitration under that agreement is a domestic arbitration for the purposes of section 100 of the Ordinance; or (2) providing that an express provision of Schedule 2 of the Ordinance applies or does not apply.
These Rules should be construed in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance.
Due to their importance for the conduct of arbitrations under the Ordinance, a number of provisions of the Ordinance have been incorporated in whole or in part into these Rules. Where this has been done, reference is made to the relevant provisions of the Ordinance in the footnotes appended or in the Rules themselves. Particular attention is drawn to the following sections:
|(a) Section 10||Receipt of written communications (Article 4.4 of the Rules)|
|(b) Section 11||Waiver of right to object (Article 21 of the Rules)|
|(c) Section 18||Disclosure of information relating to arbitral proceedings and awards prohibited (Article 20.1 of the Rules)|
|(d) Section 25||Grounds for challenge (Article 3.3 of the Rules)|
|(e) Section 26||Challenge procedure (Article 3.3 of the Rules)|
|(f) Section 28||Appointment of substitute arbitrator (Article 3.3 of the Rules)|
|(g) Section 34||Competence of arbitral tribunal to rule on its jurisdiction (Article 11 of the Rules)|
|(h) Section 35||Power of arbitral tribunal to order interim measures (Article 12 of the Rules)|
|(i) Sections 35 to 42||Provisions applicable to interim measures and preliminary orders (Article 12 of the Rules)|
|(j) Section 46||Equal treatment of parties (Article 5.1 of the Rules)|
|(k) Section 47||Determination of rules of procedure (Article 5.2 of the Rules)|
|(l) Section 52||Hearings and written proceedings (Article 8.1 of the Rules)|
|(m) Section 53||Default of a party (Article 13 of the Rules)|
|(n) Section 54||Expert appointed by arbitral tribunal (Article 10 of the Rules)|
|(o) Section 56||General powers exercisable by arbitral tribunal (Article 13 of the Rules)|
|(p) Section 69||Correction and interpretation of award; additional award (Article 18 of the Rules)|
|(q) Section 74 & 75||Arbitral tribunal may award costs of arbitral proceedings (Article 19 of the Rules)|